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Watch Out for the Heart Attack Signs

More often than not, you tend to take the occasional chest clutches seriously because as per the societal notion, you think it may further lead to a cardiac arrest. And this is where you get yourself wrong. Not all the heart problems happen in your chest, there can be other alarming symptoms in other parts of your body too, that are directly related to your heart, especially if you are overweight, a diabetic, have high cholesterol, or high blood pressure. This article enlists four problems you should watch out for to keep heart-related issues at bay. Read on!

Upset Stomach, Nausea and Indigestion

If you have been feeling sick in your stomach for a longer period of time, and having heartburns periodically, the symptoms call for a doctor’s attention immediately! Belching, vomiting, and persistent discomfort in your belly can ultimately lead to a heart attack as well. These are the less typical heart attack symptoms, and women are more likely to report such cases. A stabbing pain in the upper or middle of the abdomen for more than a few minutes can lead to a heart attack without even giving you chance to guess what it’s like to be struck by a chronic ailment.


Feeling dizzy and lightheaded is another disturbing symptom related to heart problems. What about feeling faint? Usually, such instances occur when the blood supply to your brain has dropped to the lowest possible level. But little do you care to know that it has happened because your heart rate is abnormal, that your heart can’t pump the blood adequately maybe due to the narrowing of a valve, or a rapid yet temporary drop in the blood pressure. A feeling of uneasiness, or dizziness while standing up too fast, all indicates that your heart is on the verge of a failure and you need to consult a cardiologist soon.

Unexplained Weakness

Do you get tired easily in doing simple chores of the day? Does your body give up even while engaging in activities that you loved to attend to before? All of this calls for the attention of a cardiologist immediately! Having difficulty in performing everyday chores such as climbing stairs, walking, carrying groceries indicates a heart failure. An increasing fatigue is a result of weak muscles and tissues that are unable to function well because the blood pumping ability of the heart has reduced.

Cough Producing White or Pink Mucus

A long-lasting cough producing pink or white colored mucus is downright related to the heart problems. Coughing up foamy mucus indicates you are falling short of life as your heart is worsening quickly. However, this happens in the case of sudden heart failures causing the fluid to build up in lungs eventually leading to shortness of breath, fast heartbeat, and coughing every now and then. Most of the patients die because of congestive heart attacks due to ignorance. It is therefore, very important to contact a cardiologist immediately after coughing up pink mucus.

Wrapping Up

If you have noticed some unusual changes in your body, feel choked, or find yourself in an uncomfortable state, it’s time to contact a specialist. If diagnosed with a heart failure which isn’t very easy to fix, you can only make some simple lifestyle changes to reduce the risks in future.

Source by Rahul Tyagi

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Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment of Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)

Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) refers to a group of blood disorders resulting from a dysfunction in the bone marrow. This causes ineffective blood production resulting in symptoms such as anemia, fatigue, recurrent fever, heart disease, and bleeding from different parts of the body. A reduction in the immune response of the body can result in recurrent infections which may have a fatal outcome. In the late or severe stage of the disease, the patient may suffer from shock and serious secondary infection which may cause death. When there is no known cause of the disease, it is known as primary MDS. This condition is known as secondary when it results from known causes such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, viral infection, exposure to chemicals, and having a genetic disposition to the disease.

Patients suffering from MDS are conservatively treated with packed cell transfusions which temporarily alleviate the situation; however, this can result in a buildup of excess iron in the body and result in long-term complications over time. The administration of medicines like ATG can result in improvement in about 30-60 percent cases; however the response is unpredictable and wanes over time, in addition to the treatment being prohibitively costly. In this scenario, treatment with Ayurvedic herbal medicines can be quite safe and effective in the long run. It is important to initiate treatment at the earliest in order to get maximum therapeutic benefit from treatment and a long-term remission or cure.

MDS is different from aplastic anemia in that, in addition to a lack of red blood cells and white blood cells, there are morphological abnormalities in the cells. The greater the percentage of abnormalities in the cells, the poorer is the overall long-term prognosis in affected individuals. Ayurvedic herbal treatment is focused on treating the bone marrow so as to help generate healthy white and red cells. Treatment consists of herbal and herbomineral medicines which act on the bone marrow and form the mainstay of treatment; these need to be given in high doses and for prolonged periods. Herbal medicines can be safely given for prolonged periods without any major adverse effects and are also quite economical in the long run. Medicines can be given orally in the form of tablets, and are overall quite easy to administer.

Panchkarma treatment, which forms the mainstay of treatment for serious medical conditions, is quite effective in the management of MDS as a supplementary treatment modality. Use of Panchkarma procedures helps in promoting a faster response, reduced treatment time, as well as lesser doses of required medicines. A special Panchkarma procedure known as basti (medical enema) is used very successfully in the management of various disorders. A specialized form of basti known as Tikta Ksheer Basti is utilised in MDS treatment. This consists of a series of courses of administration of milk treated with herbs. This is prepared by boiling milk with different bitter herbs which include mainly Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia). About 100 ml of this medicated milk is administered as enema. This procedure is quite simple and can be safely given to patients of old age too without any risk of side-effects or complications.

Depending upon the severity of the condition, treatment for MDS needs to be given for periods ranging from 6 to 9 months. Complications like acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) are quite well-known in patients suffering from MDS. Such complications too can be treated successfully with Ayurvedic herbal medication and Panchkarma treatment. It is important to aggressively treat this disease so as to obtain an early remission and prevent a relapse. After this, treatment can be gradually tapered over several months. Additionally, it is also important to monitor the patient for the next few years so as to detect a relapse of the condition. Relapses can be treated with short booster doses of treatment ranging from two to three months or more.

Serious medical conditions like MDS can be successfully and efficiently managed with the help of Ayurvedic herbal treatment and Panchkarma procedures. Ayurveda thus has a significant role to play in the management of MDS.

Source by Abdulmubeen Mundewadi

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Why Does Chocolate Make a Good Gift?

Everyone loves chocolate! There’s a type of chocolate for everyone! For every budget there’s a chocolate gift that’s just right! Being able to find the perfect gift of chocolate is easy! Just look for the type they eat normally during the year. Check out what they love eating – the stuff they don’t share might well be their favourite!

It’s easy to ask well in advance of a birthday or Christmas what sort of chocolates they like the best? Make a note of it so you don’t forget and then when it is present buying time you have all the ammunition you need to ensure they get the perfect gift.

Some people like dark rich chocolate that is bitter yet very sensual to eat. Some love the smooth soft taste of the white chocolate, and some love milk chocolate!

Should you look for a large box of what they like or buy a couple of different lots? It’s entirely up to you – but bear in mind what they like. If they like lots of different types then they will be touched to know you’ve remembered and got some of each for them! This can be a very thoughtful gift if you’ve taken the time to track down hard to find brands.

Wrapping them is fun! If you buy one large box then wrap it carefully, remembering to hide the edge part of the paper under the box! Brighten it up with a bow in a corner and a label so they know who it’s from. You can buy ready wrapped boxes from places like Thorntons – many other places will gift wrap if you ask though!

If you are buying several individual items then you can either wrap them all in one parcel, or wrap them individually. It looks more impressive sometimes to give a big box of items – but lots of little items all stacked up can be quite a lovely sight to behold! If you’re doing separate parcels then tie them altogether with a nice ribbon for a lovely looking present!

You will find this sort of gift goes down well with members of your family who you might otherwise struggle for ideas for!

Source by Diane Drinkwater

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Hardest Job in Football?

All football supporters have one hatred in common and that is the "wanker in black". This person has the ability to affect the outcome of any game. Their mistakes can be more costably than that of a keeper and yet we only have semi pro's doing these important roles. Any club will have countless examples where they have been on the end of a wrong decision and it never gets any less frustrating. This is not helped when some refs seem determined to make headlines by doing things that are completely outrageous. In fact in many cases I am sure that refs are only trying to complete their autograph collection and that's why they book certain players.

As a old Chelsea supporter I remember when we were in 10th place and playing teams at the top of the league all the decisions went their way way, now we are up there we get the decisions. This can not just be coincidence and this only adds to the "gulf" between the top and the bottom of the premiership. As a club fighting for survival in the premiership a bad decision has the potential to be devastating at the end of the season. To sum all this upseeing is sub standard.

There have been many ideas about how to improve the decisions the one that is always mentioned in bringing in technology and this to me is not the way forward. I agree that technology can play a part maybe line sensors that let you know when there is a goal. (Similar to ice hockey just not as OTT) the reason I think this is good is that there has been an increase in the numbers of goals that have not been given the largest that springs to mind is the one for Tottenham against Man U last season . The line sensors would have picked that up but for a change you can not totally blame the officials who were up with play its just play was so far away from the goal line due to the distance of the shot. However I think that to just technology such as replays like they do in rugby or cricket would be a big mistake. All football fans like to see nice streaming football and already get annoyed when games stop and start, if you start putting in breaks for replays it will be a nightmare. You would also find that it would cause as many arguments as it avoids. For example your team are attacking and have the opposition pinned in their box then there is a break for a replay your team could lose all their momentum they have built up.

I do think that there are alternatives to technology the best for me is to look at the rules. The Rules are subjective because there has to be intent they have to be interfering with play and many other things alone these lines. In fact the referees should have to have degree in physiology to be able to make some decision. Did the player intentionally block the attacker even though he has his back to him and there was nowhere else for him to go? Who knows the only one who knows is the defender but the fact remains he has still block his path. However for me the worst rule is the offside rule. Any of you who play on a Saturday or a Sunday and have had the misfortune to have to run the line will know that it is not as easy as it looks to call the offside correctly (admittedly in any league I've played in the rule Is a little different it goes more like it the player beats the defense and looks like scoring he's offside) I think the main problem is that the rule require you to be looking alone the line and watching the play so you can see when the ball is Played. While willingly trying to look in two directions at once you also need to ask yourself "Is he interfering with play?" I'm not saying that I have all the answers but when asking this much from a human being there is always going to be mistakes.

Another thing that I had not considered until speaking to my girlfriend (who until recently had no interest in football therefore looking at it completely different to me) do we really want perfect decisions. She pointed out that we all talk about the decisions and most discussions come from bad ones. If there were no bad decisions we would be happier or would we just have to find something else to talk about. Are the bad decisions made by referees one of the points that make football the most talked about sport in Britain?

To Sum up referees are not up to Scratch. I feel at the very least they need to become professional so that they can concentrate on being fit enough to keep up with the games. I believe that some rules could be simplified to make them more black and white and I also think that technology can be used but should not be allowed to interfere with the great game.

Source by David Runacre

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Books of Milorad Pavic

All works of Milorad Pavic, without exception, are masterpieces. Each is unique in its kind, and leaves a trace in memory. His novels can finally satisfy your aesthetic hunger and the aftertaste is long…

He uses metaphors, that is why he can be described by metaphors. He is like Bach’s music, and like any genius is difficult to explain.

His books have a therapeutic effect, because the reality he creates is not certain. As soon as you find the path of reality, and start thinking- here is my familiar world where the laws of everyday life are in force – you immediately fall into dream. Somebody said that he writes as we dream. The world he offers is not definite and final. You need to relax and plunge into his fantastic reality. One of the heroines from Terrifying Love Stories explained our need of control using chess as example. She said something like this.

Take a black chessman and under the black paint you will see its white soul of the tree from which it is made. I want to say that it does not matter how the chessmen differ from outside, all of them, black and white, are, in fact, half white- half black and the struggle between black and white is inside each of them. This inner struggle can not be affected by chess moves that you think about. The game involves not so much the two warring armies; the field on which they move is also involved. As soon as they are on a black field, black in white and black in black, that is, evil spirits in the people and evil spirits in the evil spirits draw strength from this dark surface of this dark ground. Conversely, as soon as they appear on a white field, the support comes to the light, which is in the humans and the evil spirits playing in the party. So not only light and dark secrets have the fight inside of the chess figures, but the ground beneath their feet is also involved. How can you have your pathetic moves to influence the outcome of events? Why play a game in which you are no one and nothing?

Pavic’s books are mystical, amazing and deep. His texts are reach, many phrases may become a famous quote. In one of the stories Pavic talks about beauty, that it is so hard to create, so much effort is spent on it. In contact with the beautiful, we feel relieved, knowing that when the overall energy in the world was distributed, we were released from a known amount of labor. The efforts of others, invested in the beauty, reduced our share of fatigue, saved from a certain expenditure of energy, that is why we can enjoy it. In beauty we just rest…

While reading Milorad Pavic’s books you just rest…

Source by Laura Legend

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Silbury Hill – Chalk Mound or Pyramid Mound?

English Heritage and the archaeological establishment believe Silbury Hill to be a chalk mound. UNESCO describes it as the largest manmade mound in Europe. Driving past this ancient monument today it is quite easy to readily accept this simple explanation.

However, if we literally dig a bit deeper and look further afield, is there something more to Silbury Hill than just a chalk mound?

English Heritage goes further to confirm Silbury Hill to be a 4,500 year old ceremonial chalk mound, inspired by "ritual" and built by our Pagan / Druid pre-Christian ancientors. The date is primarily due to archaeologist Professor Richard Atkinson following the dig, sponsored by the BBC, from 1968-1970, which produced a series of archaeological programs. The TV series was designed to increase the public's awareness of archaeology by trying to reveal the inner secrets of Silbury Hill with the exciting prospect, as they progressed through the hill, they might discover a large golden statue of King Sil on horseback or some other treasure At the center of the hill.

It was no surprise that no treasure was found. However they uncovered an antler on the hill outside the entrance to the tunnel which was radiocarbon dated to 4,500 years. As no exciting artefacts' were found in the making of the TV program the antler gained in prominence. Somehow it was decided this antler was used in the construction of Silbury Hill. The huge irrational leap soon followed – Silbury Hill must also be approximately 4,500 years old – and in turn confirmed the dubious date for Stonehenge at 4,500 years old !!

Interestingly, Josh McDowell and Don Stewart at a Yale University study yielded three different ages for the same antler – 5,340 years, 9,310 years, and 10,320 years. What caused variations in the result can be explained – limestone contamination of the sample. Did English Heritage chose a date to match the existing age for Stonehenge and how could they possibly know it was used in the construction?

Professor Atkinson did not make any notes to record his dig, but he did an interview in The Listener describe Silbury Hill as' an incredibly complicated and highly colored layer cake 'and as a' wedding cake ', and the organic mound formed' A kind of intense biological club sandwich '- a clue to something more than a random pile of chalk?

So, I was resigned to the fact that in our lifetime, we would be left with the Atkinson legacy and in my view the archaeological establishment had seriously misunderstood, misrepresented and mistreated Silbury Hill.

But Atkinson left another legacy, an unstable English Heritage monument, which caused a collapse in the vertical shaft dug by Edward Drax (with Cornish miners) in 1776. This produced a gaping hole at the top of the hill in May 2000.

When the hole appeared some local researchers' aborted down the shaft and filmed some interesting discoveries – smooth walls and sharp corners indicating the presence of a chamber inside the hill and significant levels of electrostatic electricity which destroyed a mobile phone which had been accidently taken down into The shaft.

The discovery of the chamber confirmed the experience of Mrs LF Brooks from Pewsey, who spoke to the Marlborough Times in August 1962. She described how during the First World War she used to live very near the hill and was told by her parents that there were Caverns inside. When the entrance caved in, in 1915, a tiny passage led first of all downwards and then altered course and proceeded upwards. Sometimes it forked, with one way leading to a dead end and the other to a cavern 'about as big as a room'. Beyond this there was another cavern similar to the first: We took candles in with us and used to write our names on the ceiling with the candle smoke '. The whole system must have gone about three parts through the hill, 'she said. 'And it was very frightening … my brother would blow out the candle and I would be terrified.'

On the interesting question of energy levels at Silbury Hill, I met Dr Oleg Khavroshkin, Head of Nonlinear Seismology Lab, Russian Academy of Sciences, Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth, in Bosnia in September 2008. With sophisticated scientific equipment, he and his Team had measured electrostatic energy, magnetic fields inside and seismic waves emanating from the tip of all of the main pyramids in Egypt. He found that each pyramid had its own unique transmission frequency.

So, the collapse of the shaft spurred English Heritage to embark on the Silbury Hill Conservation and Restoration project in 2007/2008 and so began my serious research into Silbury Hill.

The latest evidence found during this project in 2007/2008 by English Heritage archaeologists including ants and insects plus core samples taken from the hill in 2002 would further confirm English Heritage's assertion that Silbury Hill was 4500 years old. However no forensic science techniques or cleanroom facilities were employed in the removal of these samples from what is a highly contaminated and polluted hill! If this was a murder scene, any evidence would be deemed inadmissible!

Similar from my investigations the Mollusc shells found deep inside the hill which were dated by the University of Mexico to over 12,000 years along with flint flakes of similar date fount in pits at the top of the first stage of the hill. Sadly this evidence must also be deemed inadmissible due to contamination and speculation. So, it would be difficult to confirm my assertion that Silbury Hill was built around 12,000 years ago.

Neverheless never soon became evident, with a number of discoveries, eg precise chalk blocks, large pieces of sarsen stone at the summit, chambers inside, flint flakes at the center and a uniform sheet of material covering the base of the construction, that Silbury Hill Is something more than a chalk mound. In fact new evidence points to the distinct possibility that Silbury Hill was originally a white pyramid and what we see today is the remains of a pyramid mound?

English Heritage removed large pieces of sarsen stone from the top of Silbury Hill in 2007.

"The discovery of large pieces of sarsen stones near the top of the final phase of the monument has also been a surprise. Spirits of dead ancestors ".

Newspaper quote from Jim Leary, Archaeologist, English Heritage The Independent Thursday 25 October 2007

English Heritage made no attempt to find out the dimension, shape and the composition of another very important piece of evidence – an unbroken and uniform membrane / sheet of dark brown butter-textured material, 5mm thick and stone-free, which appears to cover the Base of this chalk construction. Samples were sent to Arizona University and they claimed it may have the properties of a form of Mica called Illite which had been 'softened' by water seeing through the construction over the many centuries.

If we look further afield, it looks Silbury Hill is sharing scientific features and properties with lots of pyramids and pyramid mounds found on every continent on Earth. It appears from ongoing scientific research, notably with the Egyptian pyramids, that these pyramid structures were used as multifunctional energy sources converting the natural flow of ionic current into electrostatic electricity and via crystalline stone transducers such as granite and sarsen into other forms of energy including Magnetic, seismic and air purification (Bionizer) properties.

So, there are lots of convincing scientific and non-scientific clues to suggest that Silbury Hill is something more than a heap of chalk.

It is likely there may have been hundreds of similar constructions to Silbury Hill in this huge ancient Wessex complex many of which have since disappeared. Intriguingly, at 4,500 years ago, there is no evidence of the population required in this area at this time to build the ancient structures and megaliths such as Stonehenge!

Although it was poorly damaged by the Saxons who smashed the large sarsen cap to make way for a look-out post and later by a series of tunnels dug by so-called archaeologists, it seems Silbury Hill survived because of its size, position and the Gradually grassing over of the monument by nature.

The Romans, who had a settlement close by to Silbury Hill, must have produced some drawings or mosaics of what was an impressive structure at this time. Hopefully somewhere in some pretty home or museum is hidden such a record?

Or maybe we have to wait for the progress of science such as Ground Penetrating Radar Equipment linked to satellites to unforgettable untouched ancient sites to be studied carefully and open mindedly with the latest forensic science techniques?

However, all claims to the age and purpose of Silbury Hill can only be speculated at this time. Neverheless I would encourage readers to visit Silbury Hill to refer to the unique energy of this ancient site and form their own ideas and opinions – was Silbury Hill at the dawning of humanity and who were the knowledgeable builders?

Source by John Cowie

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The Benefits And Pitfalls Of Different Types Of Picture Frame Backing Boards

Find out the common backing boards used for picture framing and mounting pictures. Why you should choose one backing material over another. Understand the properties of foam boards, Corflute, MDF, Masonite or hardboard, e-board and other cardboards. What makes one more suitable than another when it comes to picture framing.

Is foam board the best backing for picture framing?

All pictures that are framed require some form of backing material to provide rigidity and protection. Even stretched canvasses that are unframed should have some backing to prevent dust building up on the back of the painting. When dust accumulates it helps trap moisture which then promotes mould growth which in turn causes damage to the artwork.

Picture framers have used many types of backing board over the years. Foam board or foamcore boards have become one of the most popular choice recently due to their light-weight construction, rigidity and easy cutting. They replaced the cardboard, Masonite or MDF (medium density fiber-board) that framers had become accustomed to using but are they better than their counterparts.

What usually concerns framers most is the chemicals that can leach from the backing into the picture. Picture framers often talk about acid-free, lignin-free or 100% cotton rag in their presentation to customers. The harmful chemicals in non acid-free materials can cause staining and acid burn to prints, posters and artworks that they come into contact with. Sometimes layers of protection like barrier papers, mounting boards or polyester sheeting is placed between the backing and the picture. It is far better to eliminate the source of the harmful chemicals than to just try to slow down their migration into the artwork.

There are acid-free and cotton surfaced foam boards which are sold as conservation foam board but these are to be used with caution when used as a direct backing for artwork. One type of foam board made by Gilman USA is 100% plastic and could be considered as a conservation board but you would still normally add another layer of 100% cotton rag board or an alpha-cellulose board as a barrier. Many galleries prefer to use corflute due to its economical cost and again being a plastic product lignins are not present. Other conservation backings include smooth surface coated corrugated boards that are made from alpha-cellulose. A new development in the production of E-flute core board, where there is a double laminated corrugated core faced with white acid-free surface papers, is eagerly waited for by the framing community.

Using plastic based boards can have other effects that need to be carefully weighed up depending on the artwork being framed. Some plastics out-gas plasticisers and other solvents which may cause irreversible organic changes in some paints, photographic emulsions and substrates.

MDF or medium density fiber-board is popular for wet gluing and mounting of prints and posters and framers often use it to wet mount cheap mass-produced canvas artworks. The benefits of the MDF are its rigidity and low-cost but it is a very hygroscopic product so it tends to absorb moisture. The increased moisture promotes mold growth and it can also cause staining to the image by drawing chemicals to the front of the artwork. It can also buckle due to the expansion of the backing but this can be rectified by counter-lamination or sealing the backing with a waterproof varnish. If the artwork or poster is only for decoration and has no long-term value, MDF is a cheap substrate to use.

Straw-board was used by picture framers right through the 19th and to the mid 20th Century. Straw-board was made from straw and had a yellow appearance. It did offer some advantages due to its alkaline nature and framers would paste prints and watercolours onto it with rabbit-skin glue or pearl glue. The pearl glue was a glue made from gelatine and applied hot from a double-boiler. The old framers sometimes added mercury salts and other fungicides into the mix in an effort to prevent mould or foxing. In some ways these methods were better than when the invention of PVA glue came around. At least an old print could be lifted by gentle soaking but with the advent of PVA the pictures became permanently bonded to the backing.

Apart from framing disposable decorative items like mass-produced posters it is wise to consider using reversible framing techniques. Most of these techniques involve hinging the picture to the backing board using Japanese paper hinges or some other acid-free archival hinging tapes. If you choose the reversible method at least the picture can be removed from the frame and has the potential for easier restoration or conservation in the future.

Source by David A Schummy

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Luxury River Cruising in Europe

Luxury European River cruises combine elegance with visits to the many small towns along the river’s edge. This gives travellers the opportunity to experience the country’s true culture firsthand.

Amadeus Waterways – Paris to Istanbul

With Amadeus Waterways your European vacation begins in Paris, the City of Lights, where passengers spend several days exploring the city, viewing the landmarks the city is known for. Stroll along Champs Elysées, the boutique-lined boulevards, or visit the Eiffel Tower. Travellers witness history up close as the ship glides along the Rhine and Main River.

Then onward to Nessebar, one of the oldest towns in Europe, before rejoining the cruise in Romania. The cruise ship sails along the Romanian/ Bulgarian border before continuing to Serbia. Towards the end of the journey guests can enjoy a full day of cruising through one of Europe’s most impressive natural wonders, the Iron Gates. The vacation concludes in historic Istanbul.

The trip includes 14 nights of deluxe accommodation in an outside stateroom. Rooms are equipped with Internet, movies and a Music Library.

Viking River cruises – 2009 Treasures of the Rhine

This 15-day voyage visits five countries along the legendary Rhine River. The journey begins in Switzerland’s Basle region, and continues through the Black Forest region of Germany and France’s Strasbourg.

On the banks of the Rhine the ship stops in the famous wine town of Rudesheim and lovely Cologne. A highlight of the journey is the guided tour of the city of Strasbourg. See the Place d’Austerlitz and European Parliament, and enjoy the city’s famed cathedral up close.

On the fifth day guests travel in a motorcoach to Heidelberg. A guided tour includes Heidelberg Castle, a red sandstone ruin overlooking the Neckar River.

Then, onward to the Netherlands to explore Amsterdam’s picturesque canals. In Amsterdam travellers are given the opportunity to enjoy a glass-topped canal cruise past merchant houses and the famed Skinny Bridge.

In Belgium travellers can discover the medieval cities of Bruges and Antwerp.

Evergreen tours – Imperial Jewels of Russia

How does an Imperial Jewels of Russia River Cruise sound? Guests enjoy a 12 night cruise onboard the Ms Surkov, the most luxurious river cruise ship in Russia. Explore some of the world’s most fascinating yet relatively undiscovered destinations.

Uncover Russian History, the imposing Red Square and the Kremlin and encounter ancient towns along the river Volga.

Commencing in St. Petersburg guests are transferred to their luxury river cruise ship. The trip begins with a tour of this stunning city including the impressive Peter and Paul Fortress. The cathedral within the fortress houses the tombs of the last Romanov family.

The tour continues on to Nevsky Prospect, where guests can view the Cathedral of Kazan, the Winter Palace and St. Isaac’s Cathedral.

A highlight of the journey is a UNESCO World Heritage Site – Kizhi Island. One of the most ancient sites in Russia, the island is an open-air architectural museum housing significant buildings.

Upon docking in Moscow, passengers visit the famed Bolshoi Theatre and Red Square

Blue Water Holidays – Andalusian Holiday

Blue Water Holidays offers a cruise through the historic Andalusia region of Spain, the home of sherry, flamenco, mountains, and the Costa del Sol. This eight day cruise sails between Seville and Cadiz along the River Guadalquivir and the Spanish coast.

This fabulous journey includes excursions to historic sites and cities. Some optional excursions are also available to towns such as Jerez, home of sherry and the flamenco, the City of Seville and the Rock of Gibraltar.

Passengers are provided with seven nights of cruise accommodation in an outside stateroom, superb dining with all meals included during, unlimited quality red and white wines from Europe’s great wine regions with every dinner, a Cocktail Reception and a Captain’s Gala Dinner.

Luftner Cruises – Music on the Danube

Most of the world’s greatest classical music has originated from a small area in central Europe. Why not take a river cruise down the Danube to explore the musical origins of the genre?

With Luftner Cruises travellers can enjoy a music cruise of the Danube River. The cruise is peppered with a variety of musical extravaganzas, from a concert at the Beethoven-house in Bonn to a tour in Strasbourg that includes a concert in the St. Thomas church.

Entertained by the singers of the London Festival Opera, the journey includes two full days in Budapest as well as a visit to the Slovakian capital of Bratislava. Whilst in the Wachau Valley, Vienna and Budapest the itinerary includes a number of guided excursions.

A river cruise such as this is tantamount to a floating hotel that travels through the very heart of Europe.

Source by Karen Cooke

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A Black Spot in Vision – What You Should Know

What are these black spots in my vision?

Black spots in the vision and line of sight are pretty common and whilst it isn’t something that you should worry about, it is certainly worth taking the time to understand what is happening and why you are experiencing the symptom.

The black spots are actually more commonly referred to as floaters and have the tendency to float around in and out of the field of vision. Sufferers can get this in one eye or both and it is especially noticeable in areas of bright sunshine or lightly colored frames. The shape and shade of the so-called floaters are subjective – they have been described as fine lines, ovals of varying sizes and even spiders. They are indeed believed to be dead cells (including red and white blood cells) and fine aggregates (lumps) of vitreous protein that are opaque enough to throw a shadow on the retina.

Behavior and What they look like

Floaters can be particularly annoying especially those that occur frequently, easily noticeable and in the line of sight. In most instances, despite being an annoyance, they are usually innocuous however you should pay particular attention to floaters that appear very abruptly and are very noticeable as these may be signs of some kind of hemorrhage into the vitreous body and retinal break. If this occurs then you should definitely book an appointment with your local GP and it’s likely that you’ll be referred straight to an eye specialist.

How to remove these floaters

There is a surgical procedure that is designed to remove the debris from the vitreous body in your eye – it’s called a “vitrectomy”. This is a fairly invasive surgery, often expensive and requires significant recovery time. It’s only really an option of the floaters are considered as a real annoyance or at the point of becoming a disability.

Natural remedies involve the supplementation of Lutein (a green pigment found in leafy green vegetables such as kale, collard greens and spinach) and Taurine which helps to regenerate tissues in the retina. The recommended doses are 6 mg and 180 mg respectively. Alternative ophthalmologists also recommend antioxidants – whilst there is firm evidence that antioxidants such as vitamin C, E, selenium and zinc can help stop the formation of free radicals (which can cause oxidative damage – kind of like internal rusting) there is no direct evidence linking antioxidants to the removal of “floaters” from the vision.

Finally, eye exercises can help to remove and reduce the severity of black spots. Exercises for relaxation and to strengthen the muscles attached to the lens have been shown to improve overall eyesight performance including floater reduction.

Source by Selin Aydoshan

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